Volume 59, Issue 6
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


The relationship between asymptomatic human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and blood hemoglobin (Hb) concentration was examined in anemic pregnant women from a population with high prevalence of both anemia (60%) and HIV seropositivity (30%). Sera from 155 pregnant women with Hb levels < 10.5 g/dL were tested for HIV status, C-reactive protein (CRP), vitamin B12, retinol, and folate levels. The observed prevalence of HIV seropositivity in the group of women with anemia was 47.1% (95% confidence interval=39.2-55.0%). This is significantly higher than the HIV prevalence in the whole population (30.1%; P < 0.001). Median Hb values in HIV-seropositive and -seronegative women with anemia were 8.40 g/dL and 8.95 g/dL, respectively. Serum retinol, vitamin B12, and folate levels were not significantly different in the HIV-seropositive and -seronegative groups. In women who were HIV-seropositive with normal levels of CRP, a median decrease in Hb of 0.4 g/dL was observed. For those with serum CRP levels > 25 mg/l, the median decrease in Hb was 0.7 g/dL. Results indicate that asymptomatic HIV infection is associated with increased prevalence and severity of anemia in pregnancy in this population.


Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error