Volume 58, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


A cellulose acetate electrophoresis system was used to study the isozyme polymorphism of the Anopheles gambiae complex in a rural village and a city in southwestern Burkina Faso. In both areas A. gambiae Giles was the dominant species (95%) whereas A. arabiensis Patton represented only 5%. Both species were separated readily by octanol dehydrogenase Odh and mannose phosphate isomerase (Mpi) even if they shared some alleles at these two loci. Polymorphism analysis (13 loci) at the intraspecific level of A. gambiae showed a significant difference between the specimens collected in the city from those collected in the village in their allelic and genotypic frequencies of isocitrate dehydrogenase-1 and malate dehydrogenase-1 and in their allelic frequencies for Mpi. No genetic difference was observed between the human biting A. gambiae collected inside or outside the houses in either the village or the city. The Plasmodium falciparum-infected A. gambiae differed from the noninfected ones in their allelic and genotypic frequencies at Mpi and acid phosphatase (Acp). A two-fold difference in infection rate was found for the genotype Mpi130/130 and Acp110/100 compared with other genotypes. However, infected anophelines were found in all genotypes that belonged to these two enzyme systems. Consequently, no refractory mechanism occurs in these natural populations.


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