Volume 58, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


The clinical course of 37 Enterocytozoon bieneusi-infected acquired immunodeficiency syndrome patients with diarrhea was studied. Parasite clearance was seen in 15 patients (40.5%). Clearance of E. bieneusi resulted in a 25-100% reduction in episodes of diarrhea, suggesting that microsporidia are true pathogens. Univariate and multivariate proportional hazards analyses revealed that peripheral blood CD4 cell counts > or = 100/mm3, the use of two or more antiretroviral medications, and use of a protease inhibitor were statistically associated with decreased time to clearance of E. bieneusi. Specific anti-microsporidial therapy (albendazole) was not associated with parasite eradication. Factors related to immunocompetence and human immunodeficiency virus suppression appeared to be important in the clearance of E. bieneusi.


Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error