Volume 58, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


Recent coccidioidomycosis outbreaks among military personnel have alarmed public health officials. We used computerized hospitalization records to identify risk factors for coccidioidomycosis hospitalizations among active-duty United States Navy and Marine Corps personnel for the years 1981 to 1994. Primary pulmonary disease was the most common form of disease, accounting for 82 (73%) of the 113 first admissions. Crude annual rates of primary pulmonary disease increased markedly in 1992 and 1993 in concert with an epidemic in the United States. Demographic data from the pulmonary admissions were combined with that of a 2% random sample of the entire Navy and Marine Corps population for multivariate risk factor modeling. Persons from junior paygrades, older age groups, and those reporting a race/ethnicity other than Caucasian or Hispanic were most likely to be hospitalized with this disease. These risk factor data should be considered in designing coccidioidomycosis surveillance and prevention programs.


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