Volume 57, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is endemic in Sicily. Although it is a notifiable disease, there is evidence that the actual number of cases is higher than that reported. In 1987, a regional reference center for active surveillance of VL was established and it recorded a total of 284 cases through 1995, a mean of 31.5 cases/year and about four-fold more than previously reported. Of the 284 cases, 150 (53%) were children (≤ 14 years of age), and of the 134 adults, 39 (29%) were coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The commonest viscerotropic zymodeme of , MON 1, was identified in 40 (93%) of 43 HIV-negative and eight (57%) of 14 HIV-positive patients. Among 280 patients evaluated (i.e., all HIV-negative and 35 of 39 HIV-positive subjects), 254 (91%) were treated with meglumine antimoniate alone or in combination with other drugs; 23 (8%) received allopurinol or amphotericin B, either conventional or in liposomal form; and three terminally ill patients were not treated. Among the 245 HIV-negative patients, 236 (96%) were successfully cured, while nine (4%) (seven adults) died during the course of antimonial treatment. None of the 35 HIV-positive patients was definitively cured, although mortality was apparently associated with other opportunistic infections.


Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error