1921
Volume 57, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645
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Abstract

Abstract

In addition to heavily infecting the salivary glands of (L.) mosquitoes, dengue viruses produce a significant infection of the nervous system, involving the brain, Johnston's organ, compound eye, and thoracic and abdominal ganglion. To determine if dengue infection affects feeding behavior of we measured feeding times, counted the number of feeding delays or interruptions, and by in situ immunocytochemistry techniques determined the spatial and temporal distribution of dengue infections in females parenterally infected with dengue 3 virus. The mean of the total time required for feeding by infected mosquitoes was significantly longer than the time required by uninfected mosquitoes. Similarly, the mean of the time spent probing was significantly longer in infected mosquitoes than in uninfected mosquitoes when day after inoculation was considered. Significant increases in the length of feeding activity in infected mosquitoes corresponded to virus infection in organs that are known to control or influence activities associated with blood feeding. Sequential infections of the salivary glands (five days postinoculation [PI]), brain and compound eye (eight days PI), and Johnston's organ and midgut and abdominal ganglion (11 days PI) of most mosquitoes were observed. The increased time required by infected mosquitoes to acquire a blood meal may contribute to the efficiency of as a vector of dengue virus. Longer feeding periods are more likely to be interrupted by the host, which increases the chance that an infected mosquito will probe or feed on additional hosts.

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/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.1997.57.119
1997-08-01
2017-11-22
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