Volume 56, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



The teratogenic potential of three bunyaviruses, two California serogroup bunyaviruses, LaCrosse virus and San Angelo virus, and a Bunyamwera serogroup member, Main Drain virus, in sheep was studied following in utero inoculation of ewes in early gestation. Although Main Drain virus appeared to be most teratogenic, all three viruses induced a range of lesions including arthrogryposis, hydrocephalus, fetal death, axial skeletal deviations, anasarca, and oligohydramnios. The teratogenic effects of these viruses are identical to those described in ovine infections by Cache Valley and Akabane viruses. Demonstration of a common bunyaviral tropism for fetal tissue infection that results in congenital brain and musculoskeletal malformations provides evidence that human in utero infection by bunyaviruses could result in similar malformations in human infants.


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