Volume 55, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



The feasibility of a purified, inactivated vaccine (PIV) against dengue type 2 (DEN-2) virus was explored. Dengue-2 virus strain 16681 was used for producing a monotypic PIV. Virus adapted to fetal rhesus lung (FRhL-2) cells was harvested from roller bottle culture supernatant fluids, concentrated, and purified on sucrose gradients. Analysis of purified virus preparations by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and Western blotting showed primarily envelope (E) and premembrane (prM) antigens. These preparations had a purity, estimated from silver-stained gels, of approximately 70%, and a yield, based on recovery of virus and viral antigen, of 10–20%. The purified virus was inactivated with 0.05% formalin at 22°C, or alternatively, with 7 mRads from a Co source. Vaccinated mice developed high titers of anti-DEN-2 virus neutralizing antibody and were partially protected from virus challenge. These results warrant further testing and development of PIVs for the other DEN virus serotypes.


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