Volume 55, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



An epidemiologic survey on malaria endemicity levels, including entomologic, parasitologic, and immunologic indicators, was carried out in a village of the Madagascar highlands (Analaroa) at the end of the 1990–1991 rainy season. The results indicate that malaria is hyperendemic and is the main vector in the area. The prevalence of parasitemia decreased with age from a maximum level of about 60% in children less than five years of age to a minimum of about 16% among those more than 29 years of age. The prevalence of circumsporozoite antibodies (Ab-Cs) increased with age from a minimum level of about 10% in children less than five years of age to a maximum of 71.7% among those more than 29 years of age. An inverse correlation was observed between prevalence and levels of Ab-Cs and parasite prevalence. The study confirmed that prevalence and Ab-Cs levels are reliable indicators of malaria endemicity in hyperendemic areas. Schoolchildren between five and 14 years of age are considered the most practical and susceptible group for this kind of epidemiologic study.


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