Volume 51, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



To assess natural immunity against the circumsporozoite (CS) protein and the synthetic vaccine SPf66, immunologic studies were carried out in a highly endemic malarious area of Papua New Guinea. Antibody prevalence, antibody titers, and T cell proliferation against both antigens were measured in 214 adults. Immunologic data were analyzed with respect to longitudinal malariologic and morbidity data. Evidence of genetic traits such as glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency and ovalocytosis was analyzed. Antibody prevalence was high, with 79% and 84% for CS protein and SPf66, respectively, while T cell proliferation was infrequent and low, with 14% and 12% responders, respectively. Anti-CS protein antibodies increased with age but showed no association to malaria indices or morbidity. No protective value was observed with T cell responses or with humoral response to SPf66. These results provide a first description of naturally developed immunity against SPf66 and suggest further studies in to fully understand the mechanism of immunity against this antigen.


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