Volume 50, Issue 6
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Baturite is an important endemic zone of American cutaneous leishmaniasis in the state of Ceara, where an entomologic survey has been carried out to obtain information about transmission of the disease. From October 1989 through August 1991, natural infections with flagellates were detected in 34 of 3,000 , five of 1,667 , three of 5,278 , one of 646 , and one of 21 . Thirty-five infections were peripylarian (i.e., behind the pylorus in the sand fly gut with a tendency to invade the midgut anterior to the pylorus). Fifteen infections (14 from and one from ) have been characterized as by isoenzyme electrophoresis, incriminating this species as a vector of the parasite in this area. Other possible vectors include , and . Transmission appears to occur in peridomestic sites, especially around animal enclosures. Most cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis were recorded between September and December in Baturite during the period of study.


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