Volume 50, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



New drugs for causal prophylaxis of malaria are needed. A proguanil/sulfamethoxazole combination was investigated using a rhesus monkey model ( infected with ) to determine whether causal prophylaxis could be achieved. When a five-day regimen of proguanil (40 mg/kg/day) combined with sulfamethoxazole (100 mg/kg/day) was used, infection of all animals (6 of 6) was observed, with an extended prepatent period (median 40 days). Two control animals became infected on days 9 and 23 following sporozoite inoculation. Plasma concentrations indicated that proguanil and sulfamethoxazole were adequately absorbed and metabolized to cycloguanil and N-acetylsulfamethoxazole, respectively. Analysis of liver biopsy specimens demonstrated that the drugs were present two days following sporozoite inoculation but were not detectable one week later. Proguanil plus sulfamethoxazole does not eliminate exoerythrocytic-stage parasites in the rhesus monkey- model.


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