Volume 50, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Although a significant resurgence of malaria in Israel is unlikely at present, the risk for a localized outbreak of malaria cases due to infection of local anopheline mosquitoes by imported cases does exist. A national computerized surveillance system of breeding sites of mosquitoes and imported malaria cases was established in 1992 using a geographic information system (GIS). Distances between population centers and breeding sites were calculated, and maps associating epidemiologic and entomologic data were generated. Risk of malaria transmission was assessed with consideration of vectorial capacity and flight range of each species. The GIS-based surveillance system ensures that if a localized outbreak does occur, it will be associated rapidly with a likely breeding site, a specific vector, and a probable human source, so that prompt control measures can be most efficiently targeted. This cost-effective, GIS-based surveillance system can be expanded and adapted for countries with indigenous malaria transmission.


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