Volume 50, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



The ability of adult to transmit Rift Valley fever virus was determined for mosquitoes inoculated at selected times during development. None of 109 female inoculated as adults transmitted virus to hamsters. In contrast, 83% (50 of 60) of those inoculated as larvae transmitted virus by bite to hamsters. Transmission rates decreased as the stage of the mosquito at the time of inoculation changed from larva to pupa to adult. Transmission rates for adult mosquitoes inoculated as larvae, as pupae < 4 hr after pupation, as pupae > 24 hr after pupation, or as adults were 83%, 25%, 11%, and 0%, respectively. Viral titers recovered from mosquitoes were similar for all groups tested, regardless of stage at infection (larva, pupa, or adult) or of transmission status (transmitter or nontransmitter). Thus, differences in transmission rates may have been due to site-specific (i.e., salivary gland) replication, rather than a generalized increase in viral replication in mosquitoes inoculated at an earlier age.


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