Volume 50, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



in was observed by electron microscopy and rickettsiae were found in the various tissues and organs of both larvae and adults. Budding of rickettsiae, a manner of release from the host cells, was observed only in the rudiments of the reproductive organs in larvae. Oogonia and maturing oocytes in adult females and eggs after oviposition contained the microorganisms. In adult males, rickettsiae were also found in the spermatogonia, spermatocytes, and spermatids in the early stage of spermatogenesis, but were eliminated from these cells during maturation. Only the maturing spermatids, but not the eliminated rickettsiae, migrated to another rickettsia-free area of the testis, resulting in the separation of spermatids from rickettsiae and in the production of rickettsia-free spermatophores. Based on these observations, the mechanism of vertical transmission of the rickettsiae to the progeny occurs only in the female parents. Most rickettsiae in the somatic cells of larvae and adults were coccoid, but some rickettsiae in the ovary and the testis of adult mites showed bacillary forms and were enveloped by a membrane of unknown origin.


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