Volume 49, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



We conducted a study to look for a simian counterpart of human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV) in wild-caught monkeys in the Republic of Panama. Serum specimens were obtained from 102 monkeys (, n = 75; , n = 18; and , n = 9) captured in Panama's Darien rain forest in 1979–1980. Specimens were screened for HTLV antibody by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and reactive specimens were further tested by Western blot. None of the 102 specimens were seropositive for HTLV. Our findings provide no evidence for an HTLV-like virus in New World primates from Panama, but the sample size was small, and further studies are warranted.


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