1921
Volume 49, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract

With the recent observations of efflux of chloroquine from and modulation of chloroquine resistance by calcium channel blockers, such as verapamil, a great deal of attention has been focused on the development of new modulators that can potentiate the efficacy of chloroquine. We report a new compound, WR268954, that has weak intrinsic antimalarial activity compared to chloroquine. In vitro, it increased the susceptibilities of chloroquine-resistant strains to chloroquine and quinine, but did not affect the chloroquine-susceptible strains. In the presence of 2,000 nM of WR268954, the 50% inhibitory concentration of chloroquine for drug-resistant decreased 90-fold in comparison with the control (chloroquine only). The same concentration of WR268954 increased the potentiation of chloroquine in resistant strains to a level approximately equivalent to that observed for the sensitive strain. This compound also potentiates the efficacy of quinine in drug-resistant parasites. However, WR268954 did not enhance the efficacy of mefloquine in the mefloquine-resistant parasites. In this report, the data show the synergistic effect of WR268954 on the antimalarial activity of chloroquine in drug-resistant strains of , but only an additive effect on drug-sensitive strains of parasites. Compound WR268954 belongs to a pyrrolidino alkane amine class whose in vitro chloroquine resistance modulator activity supports the basis for the synthesis of this class of compounds.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.1993.49.113
1993-07-01
2019-11-17
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.1993.49.113
Loading

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error