Volume 46, Issue 6
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Determinations were made of the source of 16, 330 bloodmeals from 10 species of mosquitoes, including recognized vectors of Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus, in two epidemiologically distinct areas in southern India. In Madurai, where cases occurred sporadically and pigs were reared only in some villages, , and had fed predominantly on cattle (89.2–91%), but less frequently on humans (2.1–6.2%) and on pigs and ardeid birds (0–0.1%). In Nallur, which was endemic for JE and had a large pig population, 4.4–5.4% of the feedings were on these hosts. Cattle feedings accounted for 84.6–88% of the total feedings, human feedings for 2.4–6.2%, but there were no ardeid-positive feedings. and showed a marked increase in the proportion of human feedings during the hot season, due to increased availability of humans sleeping outdoors to mainly exophagic mosquitoes. Feeding indices were corrected for spatial and temporal concurrence of hosts in each season, but these factors were found to require further elucidation. Discrepancies in the relative abundance of vectors as monitored by two different methods are discussed in the light of these observations.


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