Volume 46, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



We have developed methods for in vitro selection of parasites that bear knob protrusions (K+) and are either of the rosette-positive (K+ R+) or rosette-negative (K+ R-) phenotypes. Cryopreserved parasites from spleen-intact monkeys that were K+, C32 cell adherence-positive (C+), CD36 adherence-positive, and R- with erythrocytes were adapted to continuous growth in human erythrocytes, and selected initially for adherence to C32 melanoma cells. In the absence of independent selection for rosettes, K+ R - C+ parasites were produced that adhered to both C32 cells and CD36. Without selection for the C+ phenotype, K+ R- C- parasites eventually predominated in such cultures. The R+ parasites were selected using differences in sedimentation behavior of rosette-infected cells versus non-rosette-infected cells. Methods were devised for selection of the R+ or R- phenotypes and for the purification of R+ or R- infected cells of high parasitemia that were suitable for molecular studies. With the repeated selection for K+ R+ parasites, we were able to maintain the K+ R+ phenotype for several months in vitro. These methods will allow systematic study of the molecular basis of the K+ R+ and K+ R- phenotypes.


Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error