Volume 43, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Mosquitoes collected monthly for 1 year from human habitations in the Kisumu area of western Kenya were identified by morphological characters as Giles sensu lato ( s.l.) or . Of the mosquitoes collected, 7,244 (67%) of the s.l. and 8,511 (87%) of the were tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the presence of circumsporozoite (CS) protein. ELISA positivity rates were 8.2% for s.l. and 6.1% for . Both and were detected among 432 ELISA-positive and 668 ELISA-negative s.l. identified to species with a ribosomal DNA probe. The species-specific infection rates were calculated to be 9.6% for and 0.4% for . These results confirm that and are the primary malaria vectors in western Kenya and that is a relatively minor vector.


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