Volume 41, Issue 6
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Somatic antigens of adult worms with molecular weights of 15–180 kDa were identified by Western blot analysis using sera from 3 categories of parasitologically and clinically defined subjects from a loiasis endemic zone. Sera of occult, amicrofilaremic (OL), and ‘resistant’ individuals with no clinical signs of infection (R) reacted with an antigen of 160 kDa; sera of highly microfilaremic individuals (ML) did not. ML sera strongly reacted with an antigen of 18 kDa which was recognized only weakly or not at all by OL and R sera. At higher dilutions, OL sera only reacted with antigens at 23 and 160 kDa and ML sera reacted with antigens at 18 and 23 kDa, whereas R sera reacted with antigens at 23, 42, 54, 70, 100, and 160 kDa. These data suggested that R sera contained a higher concentration of antibodies which reacted with denatured, nitrocellulose-bound antigens. The IgG4 isotype predominated for all groups of sera, while IgG3 antibody responses were observed only with R sera. IgG1 antibodies were seen in all groups but reacted with fewer antigens than IgG4 antibodies, and no IgG2 antibody responses were detected. Sera against , and cross-reacted with somatic antigens > 70 kDa, whereas none reacted with antigens <23 kDa.


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