Volume 39, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Studies on the phlebotomine fauna related to the leishmaniasis endemic foci of the Colombian Pacific Coast were carried out in the municipalities of Tumaco and Buenaventura. In Inguapí del Guadual, Tumaco, and were the predominant anthropophilic species; and were less frequent. In Bajo Calima, Buenaventura, represented over 94% of the anthropophilic sandflies. Continuous sampling from 1800 to 0600 hours in Inguapí del Guadual demonstrated that bites mainly at dusk and dawn whereas remains active throughout the night. In Inguapí del Guadual, promastigotes were found in 0.1% (2/2, 305) of , 0.2% (3/140) of , and 0.2% (1/424) of samples collected. In Bajo Calima, 1.9% (8/429) of were found to be infected. , the most common subspecies in the human population of this endemic focus, was isolated from 1 from Inguapí del Guadual. Parasitological and entomological findings suggest that could be the main vector of in these areas, although and were also predominant.


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