Volume 38, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



We used a noncompetitive two-site ELISA with 5 monoclonal antibodies to determine whether parasite antigens are present in breast milk from women infected with . Seven out of 13 available milk samples contained significant amounts of filarial antigens. Antigen indices in milk correlated with levels of microfilarodermia (Rs = 0.74, < 0.005). Antigen-containing milk samples markedly inhibited mitogen-induced proliferation of human mononuclear cells and activated cells within this population that suppressed the proliferative response of autologous lymphocytes to mitogens and antigens. These findings indicate that parasite products are present in breast milk of -infected women and suggest that these may induce immune tolerance and/or suppression in infants born of infected mothers.


Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error