Volume 35, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Proteinuria was studied in 128 children aged 6 to 18 years with infection in the People's Republic of Congo. Urinary protein concentration in spontaneously voided midday urine of patients with > 100 ova/10 ml was significantly higher than in 24-hr urine specimens. Median daily urinary protein loss in patients with moderate intensity of infection (100–350 ova/10 ml) was 300 mg and 584 mg/1.73 m body surface in heavily infected patients (> 350 ova/10 ml). A significant correlation existed between egg excretion at noon and protein concentration in spontaneous urine samples as well as daily urinary protein loss (r = 0.76 and r = 0.68, respectively). Heavily infected patients had a daily protein loss of up to 3.3 g/1.73 m, total serum protein and albumin concentration, however, were within normal limits. This may indicate adaptive mechanisms in patients with urinary schistosomiasis and high proteinuria which maintain a balanced serum protein concentration.


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