Volume 35, Issue 6
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



The comparative prevalences of urinary tract lesions in 2 villages where urinary schistosomiasis was endemic and in a control village free from infection were assessed by ultrasonography. Of the 822 residents >4 years of age in the first village (Sébéri) where the prevalence of infection was 57%, 279 were examined by ultrasonography. The prevalence of bladder lesions was 71% in those 5–14 years of age, 57% among adult men, and 24% among women in this endemic village, compared to 10%, 16%, and 6%, respectively, in the control village.

Renal lesions were infrequent among adults and there was no significant difference in the rates between Sébéri and the control village. Among children, moderate hydronephrosis was absent in the control village, but was observed in 19% of the boys 5–14 years of age and 2% of the girls 5–14 years of age in Sébéri.

Sixty schoolchildren of the second endemic village with urinary egg counts ≥100 eggs/10 ml of urine were examined by ultrasonography.

The overall prevalence and the severity of bladder lesions in the 2 endemic villages were significantly related to the urinary egg count.


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