Volume 34, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Paired serologic, entomologic, and environmental surveys were performed in two Puerto Rican communities, Salinas and Manatí, in summer and fall 1982. Paired samples on 434 persons in Salinas and 324 persons in Manatí showed recent dengue infection rates of 35% and 26%, respectively. larval indices were higher in Salinas than in Manatí but were relatively high throughout both communities. Breteau indices in neighborhoods ranged from 43 to 172, and infection rates in the neighborhoods were 22% to 45%. With a multivariate technique, we analyzed possible associations of environmental variables with dengue incidence and prevalence of dengue antibody. Wood-constructed housing and low socioeconomic status were among the variables significantly associated with dengue incidence. Predictors of dengue antibody prevalence included socioeconomic level, tree height, shade, and window and door screens. Recent dengue infections clustered within the sampled members of households ( < 0.05, binomial test). An estimated 35% of dengue infections were symptomatic, and no serious illnesses were reported. The potential for high dengue infection rates in Puerto Rico will continue unless substantial reductions in vector populations are achieved. Targeting dengue surveillance and vector control activities in areas with demonstrated environmental risk factors may limit transmission during future outbreaks.


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