Volume 34, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



The incidence of enterotoxigenic (ETEC), , and was determined in patients with diarrhea seen at a hospital in northeastern Thailand, and compared with the incidence of these bacteria in household contacts and their neighbors. ETEC was identified in 17%, in 9%, in 9%, in 5%, and non-01 in 2% of 299 patients with diarrhea. These five species of bacteria were isolated more often from patients with diarrhea than persons without diarrhea ( < 0.001). ETEC was found more often in household contacts (22/141) and neighbors (18/147) of index cases than in persons living in homes not associated with ETEC infections (32/1,318; < 0.001). While was isolated less often in family contacts (3/76) and neighbors (4/93) of patients with shigellosis, this enteric pathogen was also isolated more often from contacts than persons not associated with infection (13/1,437; < 0.001). Both and non-01 can also be enteric pathogens; further efforts should be made to define the enteropathogenicity of these bacteria.


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