Volume 34, Issue 6
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Development of a highly specific test system for the diagnosis of Chagas' disease (CD) was sought using Gp25, a surface glycoprotein recently isolated from culture forms. Radioimmunoprecipitation assays were performed to screen 567 sera for IgG antibodies to Gp25. Correct diagnosis was attained in 97.8% of the 321 sera collected from chagasic patients in several endemic areas of South America.

Sera from patients with various clinical forms of chronic disease displayed similar levels of antibodies (Abs) to Gp25. Moreover, there was little cross-reactivity when assayed against 246 sera from non-chagasic individuals, including 105 samples from individuals infected with unrelated trypanosomatids. Cross-reactivity was found in two such sera; these were used to identify a minor protein contaminant as the nonspecific antigen. Residual cross-reactive molecules were eliminated from Gp25 by affinity purification on Concanavalin A (Con A) columns. We recommend this antigen-antibody system for use in routine screening of blood donors.


Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error