Volume 33, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Two new rhabdoviruses, designated Carajas and Maraba, are described. Both were isolated from phlebotomine sand flies ( spp.) collected in the Amazon basin of Brazil. One recovery of Carajas virus was made from male sand flies. By complement-fixation and neutralization tests both agents were shown to be members of the vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) serogroup (genus ). The pathogenicity of the two viruses in mice and Vero cells is similar to that of VSV-Indiana and VSV-New Jersey. Both Carajas and Maraba viruses replicated in following intrathoracic inoculation, and both agents were transovarially transmitted in this sand fly species.


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