Volume 33, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Repeated outbreaks of Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) in humans and equines in the Guajira region of Venezuela suggested a sylvatic focus of an epizootic subtype of VEE virus. A surveillance system was established, and virus isolations were attempted from 67,760 mosquitoes as well as sentinel hamsters. Sixteen isolates of eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) and a strain of Itaqui virus were recovered from mosquitoes, and 60 isolates of EEE, two of VEE, and two of Itaqui viruses were recovered from tissues of sentinel hamsters. The VEE virus isolates were shown to be closely related antigenically to prototype VEE ID and the EEE virus isolates were shown to be more closely related to the South American than the North American variety of EEE virus. Evidence for the presence of VEE and EEE viruses in small wild vertebrates was obtained from serologic testing. This study showed, for the first time, the enzootic presence of both VEE ID and EEE viruses during a nonepizoodemic period in the Guajira region.


Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error