Volume 31, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



During a 2-month period, 17 cases of pyomyositis were seen in the hospital population of a large refugee camp for Cambodians in Thailand. The temporal clustering of the cases suggests an epidemic pattern. Patients in this series were generally young and otherwise healthy. All had gram-positive cocci demonstrated in abscess pus, and all responded to surgical drainage. Fourteen (82%) of the cases were initially misdiagnosed by volunteer physicians who were unfamiliar with the disease. The authors suggest that a mosquito-borne virus predisposes to the development of the pyomyositis abcess.


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