Volume 29, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Arbovirus investigation in Jamaica was undertaken between 1960 and 1975. Serological studies showed that antibodies to dengue type virus and St. Louis encephalitis virus (SLE) were prevalent throughout the island for several years. In urban communities, the incidence of dengue antibody was higher than for SLE; however, in children under 10 years of age antibody to both viruses was rarely present. In rural areas, SLE was prevalent in adults and children. This virus was isolated from (mosquitoes) and from a nestling Mockingbird, , in the same rural area. Dengue type 3 and type 4 were isolated from the sera of patients in an urban area, during two epidemic periods, 1963 and 1968. No other group B arbovirus was encountered on the island. Group A arbovirus was virtually absent prior to the eastern equine encephalomyelitis outbreak of 1962. That virus was isolated from brain tissue of humans and equines. Two strains of Cache Valley virus from mosquitoes, , one strain from , and a strain of Wad Medani virus from a tick, , were also isolated.


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