Volume 29, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



A 2-year epizootiological study was carried out on in cattle in an enzootic area of the Sudan. The prevalence of infection, as judged by the Pitchford fecal egg counting technique, was very high, approaching 90% in 1.5-year-old animals. There was, however, a lower prevalence in older cattle, and this trend was also seen with the fecal egg counts. This suggests that the cattle gradually acquire resistance to reinfection, particularly since there seems to be little age-related variation in the amount of water contact. Monthly incidence rates, estimated from fecal examinations of initially uninfected “tracer” calves showed a marked seasonal pattern, being much higher in the hot summer months, and snail infection rates showed a similar seasonnal pattern. In addition, both the monthly incidence measurements and the snail infection rates showed that transmision was much heavier in 1976 than in 1977. Epizootics such as those recorded previously in this area presumably arise from exceptionally intense transmission years.


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