Volume 26, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Control of transmission solely by treatment of all infected persons was attempted in Marquis Valley (population about 3,100), St. Lucia. Two-year results are reported. Excluding 26 pregnant patients, 709 of 729 persons who were found to be infected received treatment the first year. Most of these, 677, were given a single injection of hycanthone (2.5 mg/kg of body weight), and the same treatment was administered to 159 patients the second year. Side effects were not severe; the major side effect, vomiting, occurred in about 22% on both occasions. In villages with initially high transmission rates, the incidence of new infections in children 0 to 14 years fell from 20.8% before chemotherapy to 7.4% after 1 year and to 3.7% after 2 years. This pattern was significantly different from that in the comparison area where no control scheme exists. Chemotherapy alone appears to be a rapid, effective, and comparatively inexpensive method of controlling transmission in St. Lucia.


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