Volume 26, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


I am greatly honored by your invitation to give the Craig Lecture in this bicentennial year and at the joint meeting of the American and British Societies of Tropical Medicine.

Not having on this occasion to face subsequent attack from the floor, I am going to try to show that in what goes on in the human host infected with the malaria parasite and in the community exposed to the disease, there exists the common factor of and that this concept has world-wide implications. The Oxford English Dictionary defines interdependence as “a state of existence conditional on and emanating from the existence of something else.”

As functioning human beings we are all examples of such interdependence; all in some sort of physiological balance. The circulation is ticking over, the liver, kidneys, lungs, heart, and brain are functioning, coordinating, and reacting with one another.


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