Volume 26, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Blood meals from 575 collected in an Iranian village were identified by precipitin test. The majority of sandfly feedings (57.5%) were on birds, mainly chickens and pigeons. The remaining 42.5% were on mammals (humans, cows, mules, sheep, and goats) or were non-reactive. Calculation of forage ratios for each host species indicated that chickens, equines, and bovines were the preferred hosts of in the village. Results of this study demonstrate that has a much wider natural host range than indicated previously and suggest that this species is an opportunistic feeder and is not strongly anthropophilic. Observations on the diurnal activity of are also presented.


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