Volume 23, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



A total of 3,523 wild caught monkeys from Panama was examined for blood parasites from August 1968 through June 1972. Trypanosomes or microfilariae were observed in the blood of 31.1% of the monkeys. Mixed infections, with microfilariae and trypanosomes, were detected in 6.6% of the animals. was found in marmosets, (12.2%), in white-faced capuchins, (5.0%), in squirrel monkeys, (1.7%), and in black spider monkeys, (1.2%). was found in (55.8%) and (12.5%). Other trypanosomes found in Panamanian monkeys included , and showed the highest infection rate (88.9%) with trypanosomes and/or microfilariae; trypanosomes were seen in 68.1%, and microfilariae in 73.0%, of the animals examined. The marmosets, white-faced capuchins, and squirrel monkeys should be considered as significant hosts of in sylvatic habitats and may serve as reservoir hosts of Chagas' disease in Panama. The microfilariae seen in monkeys from Panama were tentatively identified as larval forms of in in and ; and in , and .


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