Volume 22, Issue 6
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


A butanol extract of the soapberry plant, (endod), is toxic at about 1 part per million to second and third instar and mosquitoes. Ova and pupae are not affected and adults die only after ingestion of concentrated endod. Endod extract is considerably more toxic than rotenone and about 100 times as active as a commercial saponin preparation. It is about twice as toxic as DDT when applied against DDT-resistant larval 20 times less toxic for DDT-susceptible C. and 40 times less toxic for DDT-susceptible The concentration of endod required to kill mosquitoes is less than that which kills snails and fish.


Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error