Volume 21, Issue 5_Suppl
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Insecticides, particularly DDT, continue to be the mainstay in malaria programs. However, the specter of failure because of insecticide resistance has led to considerable research on substitute materials. These substitutes may be used as residual applications, space sprays, and/or larvicides. The steps in selecting these compounds go from initial screening to determine biological activity to large-scale field trials which may include epidemiological assessment.

Residual type compounds currently being evaluated include organophosphorus compounds such as fenitrothion, iodofenphos, phenthoate, phoxim and chlorphoxim, and carbamates such as propoxur, carbaryl, Mobam and Landrin.

Chemicals for use as space sprays include malathion, naled, fenthion, and others. Larvicidal compounds include Abate, chlorpyrifos, and methyl Dursban in addition to some of the aforementioned compounds.

Malathion, propoxur, and fenitrothion are the compounds that should receive initial consideration for use against vector populations resistant to DDT residual applications. The pesticide of choice as a space spray is malathion; as a larvicide, Abate. As a solution to the control of vectors that transmit malaria through outdoor biting, it appears logical that the chemical control measures employed in the future may include all three types of application.


Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error