Volume 20, Issue 6
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



To determine the relapse potential of a West African strain of , we infected five volunteers (four Caucasians and one Negro) by bites of mosquitoes. Their initial and subsequent attacks were treated with 10 grains of quinine sulfate every 8 hours for 5 days, except one, who, because of his transfer to another institution, was given single doses of chloroquine, 600 mg (base). The period of observation ranged from 315 to 592 days. Each volunteer had at least one true relapse, three had two, and one had three. The shortest interval between the primary attack and the first relapse was 17 days and the longest interval was 255 days after treatment of the primary attack. The shortest interval between two relapses in any of the volunteers was 32 days and the longest was 142 days. These results leave little doubt that ovale malaria is a relapsing disease, but there appears to be no definite relapse pattern such as is recognized for the St. Elizabeth and Chesson strains of .


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