Volume 20, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Bacteriological studies were made on children 10 years old and under from 700 families in Panama City and 30 rural and semirural communities. Culture of rectal swabs from 1,178 children revealed a prevalence rate of 3.7% for enterobacterial pathogens, that for sp. (2.8%) being highest. sp., enteropathogenic , and were recovered less frequently. Differences in prevalence of infections in age groups were not significant, but was not found in children less than 1 year old. was isolated more frequently from children with diarrhea (4.8%), than from those without diarrhea (1.9%); the difference is significant ( < 0.05). There was no positive correlation between isolations of enterobacteria with disposal of excreta, sources of drinking water, and the number of children occupying the same bed. Prevalence rates for pathogens in 31 communities ranged from 0 to 13.3%; in 11, no pathogens were encountered, and sp. and enteropathogenic were found in 7. infections were found in 17 communities, indicating its relative importance as a pathogen.


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