Volume 19, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


This relatively short book, in Portuguese, summarizes the important facets of the history of yellow fever in Brazil from its first recorded appearance in Recife, Pernambuco, in 1685 to the reinfestation of Belém, Pará, by in 1967. The author, a Brazilian physician who began his lifelong career in yellow fever in 1935, believes that the jungle type of yellow fever in the American Tropics—a zoonosis—was the original form of the disease.

In the years 1685–92 some 2,000 deaths were alleged to have been caused by yellow fever in Recife, where the first yellow fever control effort in Brazil was made. The first autopsy of record of a case of yellow fever was done at sea in 1691 by Antonio Brebon aboard the , a Portuguese naval transport. In 1694 the first book on yellow fever was published, in Lisbon by Ferreira da Rosa.


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