Volume 15, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



A three-year survey was conducted to determine the arboviruses active in a tropical rainforest area of Panama. Materials for virus isolation attempts consisted of blood specimens from febrile patients, sera and tissues from domestic and wild vertebrates, blood-sucking insects taken on a variety of baits and sentinel mice exposed in the field. These specimens were collected or exposed in a variety of habitats which included upland tropical rainforest, swamp forest, open freshwater marsh and domestic and peridomestic habitats. Following is a list of the arboviruses isolated and the sources from which they were obtained: human blood, wild rodents, sentinel mice, adult birds, nestling birds, mosquitoes; : mosquitoes; : mosquitoes; : sentinel mice, mosquitoes; : adult birds, mosquitoes, sandflies; : sentinel mice; : wild rodents; : human blood; : human blood, sentinel mice; (new group C agent): wild rodents, sentinel mice; (new group C agent): wild rodents, sentinel mice; : sentinel mice, mosquitoes; : mosquitoes; : mosquitoes; : mosquitoes; (): sandflies; (new arbovirus type): human blood, sandflies.

The report concludes with a discussion of annual cycles of virus activity and considerations on the habitat in relation to arbovirus activity.


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