1921
Volume 6, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645
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Abstract

Summary

From June 1, 1955 to July 24, 1956 were collected in villages in Marshall territory, coastal Liberia, using three collecting techniques: hand-catching mosquitoes on human bait in the open, trapping with human bait, and hand-catching mosquitoes found resting in the houses. All three methods yield valid population samples for estimating population size, and for studying both malaria and filariasis infectivity rates, demonstrating that feeds readily in the open and does not need to enter houses. The population is greatest during the rainy season from May to October, reaching peaks at the beginning and at the end of the rains, which are also the two periods of highest transmission. The population thus varies inversely with the temperature, which is lowest during the rains.

The oöcyst, sporozoite and total infection rates were found to yield the same epidemiologic pattern, the last being the most accurate and the easiest to interpret. The relationship between the sporozoite rate and the oöcyst rate can be used to estimate the average age of wild caught mosquitoes when the timing of the developmental cycle of in the mosquito is also known. The average age thus derived for the mosquitoes studied was 27 days. Species identification of oöcysts was possible in a third of the positive midguts; of these made up 82.4 per cent, and and each 8.8 per cent. was not found in wild . The disposition of the oöcysts in the midgut differed from that described in and ; the density was greatest in the middle third (45.5%), somewhat less in the anterior third (36.2%), and least in the posterior third (18.3%).

The overall rate of infection in with third stage bancroftian filariae (3.6%) was much higher than rates found by previous workers here, but is probably nearer the truth since it is based on many more dissections. Previous reports that is a more efficient vector of filariae than were based on small samples and are not convincing. Seasonal variation both in rate and in density of infection was noted, both increasing with the increase in the population at the beginning of the rainy season, both being lowest during the dry season. Geographically, rates of infection were found to be highest near the tidal rivers. becoming progressively lower inland, away from these rivers, and on higher ground.

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/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.1957.6.598
1957-07-01
2017-11-23
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