Volume s1-31, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



A large colony of Wheeler was successfully established in the laboratory from 2,747 ticks collected from rodent nests in snags in the coniferous forests above 6,000 feet in the High Sierra and San Bernardino Mountains of California. Laboratory white mice served as sources of blood meals for the ticks which were maintained in 50 ml. Erlenmeyer flasks. One was fed experimentally on one little brown bat.

was found in 39 snags; 18 (46 per cent) contained ticks that produced relapsing fever in mice. The highest rate of infective ticks in a snag was 19 per cent of the number tested. The transovarian transmission rate from infected females to their larvae was a minimum of 5.3 per cent.

was found in more or less close association with the following sylvan rodents and birds: chipmunks, deer mice, bush-tailed wood rats, desert wood rats, little brown bats and mountain bluebirds.


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