1921
Volume s1-16, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645
USD

Abstract

Summary

The studies and experiments presented in this paper may be summarized as follows:

  • 1.  Observations were made upon the action of carbarsone on rat trichomonads utilizing some 550 rats. All the animals were infected with a culturable trichomonad, probably , but was also present in some of the animals.
  • 2.  It was found that a quantity of carbarsone of 150 mgm. per kilogram of body weight was the minimal effective dose when given by mouth to rats each day for five consecutive days.
  • 3.  By subcutaneous injection the minimal curative dose was larger, 200 mgm. per kilogram of body weight for five consecutive days.
  • 4.  A single dose of the arsenical, 1000 mgm. per kilogram of body weight, was found to be curative when administered orally or intravenously.
  • 5.  The cures of the trichomonad infection produced by carbarsone in the rat were considered to be “permanent.”
  • 6.  The presence of carbarsone was demonstrated in the feces and contents of the large intestine of rats to which the drug was given orally.
  • 7.  It was found that solutions injected by catheter into the stomach of rats which had been without food for twelve hours reached their ceca in half an hour and were uniformly distributed in it in two hours, and that trichomonadicidal quantities of carbarsone were occasionally present in the large intestine of these animals as long as forty-eight hours after its oral administration.
  • 8.  The percentage concentration of carbarsone in the large intestine after oral administration was estimated to be 0.47 when the quantity given was 150 mgm. per kilogram of body weight, and 3.2 when the dose given was 1000 mgm. per kilogram of body weight. In these dilutions, the trichomonads in regard to the time required for their destruction, behaved so similarly to those exposed to corresponding concentrations of the arsenical , that it was concluded that the action of carbarsone and is probably the same, i.e., direct.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.1936.s1-16.621
1936-09-01
2017-11-18
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.1936.s1-16.621
Loading
  • Received : 09 Jan 1936

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error