Volume s1-3, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


When the Indian Plague Commission definitely established in 1905 the exact relationship of fleas in the transmission of bubonic plague from rat to rat and from rat to man, these insects at once became of great importance, from the standpoint of disease transmission, to practically all countries. This is especially so in countries having sea ports, where the danger of introduction of plague is always present to some extent, and Panama in particular being one country to come under this category.

Although some investigations have been made in regard to the fleas infesting rats in Panama, no general survey to determine the various species attacking other animal life on the Isthmus, their prevalence, the hosts selected by them and their importance in relation to plague, has yet been carried out.


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  • Received : 13 Apr 1923
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