Volume 103, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



MPT64 is a 24-kDa immunogenic protein that is widely used as a diagnostic marker for the differentiation of complex (MTBC) from nontuberculous (NTM). Unlike , Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine strains with RD2 deletion do not secrete MPT64. Culture isolates from infections due to these strains may be falsely identified as nontuberculous in the absence of clinical correlation. Here, we present one case each of BCG adenitis and osteitis, both of which were considered as MPT64 card–negative spp. (i.e., NTM) and were later identified as BCG Danish 1331 strain. The first case was a 4-month-old female infant admitted with swollen lymph nodes in the left supraclavicular and the left axillary region of 1 month duration. The second case was of a 1-year-and-5-month-old male child who presented with a limp on the left leg and soft tissue swelling of 1 month duration on the anterolateral aspect of the left knee joint. In both cases, BCG vaccine was administered at birth on the left deltoid region and had healed without any complication. Clinical samples in both cases were positive by Xpert tuberculosis/RIF for MTBC, and cultures grew acid-fast bacilli which were negative by MPT64 assay. The clinical implication of infections due to BCG is immense as they are inherently resistant to pyrazinamide, and the presence of disseminated BCG infection in young children is a hallmark of serious immune deficiency which needs to be ruled out.


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  • Received : 15 Nov 2019
  • Accepted : 06 May 2020
  • Published online : 16 Jun 2020
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