Volume 102, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Laboratory-based surveillance for arboviral diseases is challenging in resource-limited settings. We evaluated the use of filter paper–dried sera for detection of dengue virus (DENV) RNA during an outbreak in American Samoa. Matched liquid and filter paper–dried sera were collected from patients with suspected dengue and shipped to a reference laboratory for diagnostic testing. RNA was extracted from each sample and tested for DENV RNA by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Of 18 RT-PCR–positive liquid specimens, 14 matched filter paper–dried specimens were positive for a sensitivity of 78% (95% CI, 55–91%). Of 82 RT-PCR–negative liquid specimens, all filter paper–dried specimens were negative for a specificity of 100% (95% CI, 96–100%). Shipping of filter paper–dried specimens was similarly timely but less expensive than shipping liquid sera. Using filter paper–dried serum or blood can be a cost-effective and sustainable approach to surveillance of dengue and other arboviral diseases in resource-limited settings.


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  • Received : 28 Oct 2019
  • Accepted : 23 Nov 2019
  • Published online : 13 Jan 2020
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