1921
Volume 102, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract.

We report the case of a 56-year-old woman with microfilaremic dirofilariasis due to , which is a very rare condition in humans. Of note, just one of six large-volume blood samples of this patient was positive for microfilariae. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing of the parasite gene determined the geographic origin of the causative helminth. The patient was treated successfully with doxycycline. This drug was chosen because of the patient’s reluctance to the use of ivermectin and to provide an anthelmintic effect by targeting the bacterial endosymbiont present in most filarial species.

[open-access] This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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  • Received : 08 Oct 2019
  • Accepted : 15 Dec 2019
  • Published online : 10 Feb 2020
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